Ozone therapy and acupuncture in degenerative osteoarthritis. An alternative treatment. Milanés J.R., Pérez A., Corengia C., Menéndez S., Daniel O. and Prieto E. (Cuba)
In order to study the efficacy in pain treatment, as well as other signs and unpleasant symptoms in the degenerative osteoarthritis, two alternative therapeutic methods: ozone therapy and acupuncture were applied. A sample of 200 patients were divided at random, into two groups of 100 cases for each treatment (ozone and acupuncture). It was used an OZOMED equipment (Cuba) for the production of ozone. Ozone group: patients with generalized arthritis were treated daily, by rectal application, with an ozone concentration of 50 mg/L and a volume of 200 mL. In patients with knee pains, ozone was injected in the antero-external part of the knee, using an ozone concentration of 35 mg/L and a volume of 20 mL, twice per week. In patients with shoulder pains, an ozone concentration of 35 mg/L with a volume of 10 mL was applied in the superior region of the shoulder, near the acromion, twice per week. Acupuncture group: acupuncture was applied, in the pain area, three times per week, taking into account the theory of points and meridians, described by the Asiatic school. The needle was maintained during 20 min, with a manual stimulation each 5 min. In both treatments, the number of sessions were in relation with the pain disappearance and the improvement in the objective and subjective symptoms referred by the patients. Ozone therapy and acupuncture achieved improvements of 59 % and 53 %, respectively, without significant differences between both groups. It was eliminated or diminished the number of medicines given to the patients, as well as those already described undesirable effects of the AINES, already mentioned in the world bibliography. A significant economic saving is also reported in comparison with the traditional methods (analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs). The employment of these methods allowed the patients to increase the independence in its daily works. Adverse effects were not presented during and after these therapies. It was only need a scarce number of applications (between 3 and 7) in order to obtain an improvement, as well as the decrease or disappearance of the pains and of other symptoms and signs presented in this pathology. An increase in the quality of life of these patients was achieved.